There are two types of wiper bass, the palmetto and the sunshine bass. Wiper are not naturally produced in the wild. Biologists take the striped bass egg and fertilize it with the white bass sperm — this is the palmetto version. The sunshine bass, is produced by taking the egg of a white bass and fertilizing it with striped bass sperm. You can tell the difference between a wiper and a striped bass by its stripes. The horizontal stripes on a wiper are broken, as opposed to the striper’s being solid and unbroken. The striper bass is more elongated than the wiper which is thicker and more stout. Wiper are more durable than either of the parent species; they are not as sensitive to extreme water temperatures and fair better in low dissolved oxygen. This hybrid fish is sterile, and has to be manufactured in the lab.
Wiper fish are becoming very popular for many reasons. They grow very rapidly: the world record is 27 pounds and 5 ounces. Not only are they big in size, but pound for pound, this could be the hardest fighting fresh water fish there is. They grow fast, strike hard, and fight hard, everything your looking for in a game fish. And they taste great, they are specifically raised for this purpose in some cases. They feed on gizzard shad, silversides, sunfish, insects, and crustaceans.
Wipers have eyes that are made to see in low-dim light. So the best time to catch them is in the early morning or late evening. When you have cloud cover, this is also a good time to catch wiper because the clouds block out the sunlight. Rapala is a reputable company when it comes to making lures. And wipers seem to love their lipless crankbaits that resemble shads. When fishing for wipers, try trolling in a boat with “rapala’s lipless crankbaits.” This seems to be the best way to catch wiper.